Insurance Definitions

#insurancematters

Property

PROPERTY INSURANCE: designed to protect your company's buildings, property, and contents. It protects against loss from perils including: fire, lightning, hail, windstorm, explosion (except when caused by boiler), civil commotion, riot, aircraft, vehicles, smoke, volcanic eruption, sprinkler system leakage, sinkhole collapse, vandalism, or malicious mischief. The above is referred to as basic insurance coverage and can be broadened to include other perils.

BUSINESS PERSONAL PROPERTY: traditionally known as "contents", this term actually refers to furniture, fixtures, equipment, machinery, merchandise, materials, and all other personal property owned by the insured and used in the insured's business.

DEDUCTIBLE: the amount of loss which an insured must pay before the insurance company will pay its portion of the loss.

Liability

GENERAL LIABILITY: provides protection against damages for bodily injury or property damages for which the insured is legally responsible. The policy provides coverage for liability arising from personal injury and advertising injury. Coverage for medical expense is also provided. The policy provides supplemental payments for attorney fees, court costs and other expenses associated with a claim or the defense of a liability suit.

GENERAL AGGREGATE: the most money the insurer will pay under certain coverage for all claims occurring during the policy term.

EACH OCCURRENCE: considered to be an accident, which could include sudden events, a long series of events, or continuous or repeated exposure to the same harmful conditions.

PREMISES/OPERATIONS: provided for damages arising out of ownership or occupancy of the insured premises. This also covers damages arising out of operations performed by the insured business.

PRODUCTS/COMPLETED OPERATIONS: provided for damages arising out of products manufactured, sold, handled or distributed by the insured. Completed Operations covers damages occurring after operations have been completed or abandoned, or after an item is installed or built and released for its intended purpose.

MEDICAL EXPENSE LIMIT: pays medical expenses resulting from bodily injury caused by an accident on premises owned or rented by the insured, or when caused by the insured's operations. These payments are made without regard to the liability of the insured.

FIRE DAMAGE LIMIT: provides coverage for fire damage caused by negligence on the part of the insured to premises rented to the insured.

PERSONAL INJURY: provides coverage for injury (other than bodily injury) resulting from libel, slander, false arrest, malicious prosecution, detention or imprisonment, the wrongful entry into, wrongful eviction from and other acts of invasion, or rights of private occupancy of a room.

ADVERTISING INJURY: coverage for damages done by oral or written advertisement that libels or slanders another's goods, products or services but is provided only if the offense occurs during the course of advertising the named insured's own goods, products or services.

PROFESSIONAL LIABILITY INSURANCE: liability insurance to indemnify professionals, doctors, lawyers, architects, etc. for the loss or expense resulting from claim on account of bodily injuries because of any malpractice, error or mistake committed or alleged to have been committed by the insured in their profession.

Umbrella

UMBRELLA LIABILITY: provides excess liability coverage over several of the insured's primary liability policies. Most umbrella liability policies provide coverage that is broader than the insured's primary policies. An excess liability policy may be what is called a following form policy, which means it is subject to the same terms as the underlying policies; it may be a self-contained policy, which means it is subject to its own terms only; or it may be a combination of these two types of excess policies. Umbrella policies have three functions: (1) to provide additional limits above the each occurrence limit of the insured's primary policies; (2) to take the place of primary insurance when primary aggregate limits are reduced or exhausted; and (3) to provide broader coverage for some claims that would not be covered by the insured's primary insurance policies, which would be subject to the policy retention. Most umbrella liability policies contain one comprehensive insuring agreement. The agreement usually states it will pay the ultimate net loss, which is the total amount in excess of the primary limit for which the insured becomes legally obligated to pay for damages of bodily injury, property damage, personal injury, and advertising injury.

Workers Compensation

The purpose of Workers Compensation insurance is to provide medical and disability benefits for those who suffer an occupational injury or accident.

COVERED INJURIES: occupational injury is one that arises out of and in the course of employment. In the course of employment means that for the injury to be compensable, it must occur when the employee is at work, during the hours in which he is expected to be there, and while he is engaged in the work he is employed to do.

COVERED ACCIDENTS: occupational accidents must arise out of employment and are caused by poor conditions or lack of attention to the work at hand.

Workers Compensation insurance applies under the following criteria:

  • The bodily injury must be sustained by an employee included in the group of employees described in the schedule of salary classification codes.
  • The bodily injury must arise out of and in the course of employment necessary or incidental to work in a state listed in the schedule.
  • The bodily injury must occur in the United States, its territories or possessions, or Canada, and may occur elsewhere if the employee is a United States or Canadian citizen temporarily away from those places.
  • A bodily injury by accident must occur during the policy period.
  • A bodily injury by disease must be caused or aggravated by the conditions of employment. The employee's last day or last exposure to the conditions or aggravating such bodily injury by disease must occur during the policy period.
Auto

OWNED AUTO: provided for all autos owned by the named insured. The owned auto symbol is used for liability insurance only.

ANY AUTOMOBILE: provided for any auto, including autos owned by the insured, autos the named insured hires or borrows from others, and other non-owned autos used in the insured's business.

COLLISION COVERAGE: provides protection against loss or damage to a covered auto or a non-owned auto resulting from the impact with another vehicle or object. Collision losses are paid regardless of fault.

COMPREHENSIVE COVERAGE: provides protection against loss or damage to a covered auto resulting from loss other than a collision or upset. This coverage also provides for supplemental payments for transportation expenses in the event of total theft of a covered auto or a non-owned auto. Coverage begins forty-eight hours after the theft.

HIRED AUTO: provided only for autos leased, hired, rented, or borrowed for use in the named insured's business.

NON-OWNED AUTOS: provided only for autos not owned, leased, hired, or borrowed by the named insured. Coverage includes autos owned by the insured's employees or members of their households, but only while used in the named insured's business or personal affairs.

LIABILITY COVERAGE: provides protection against legal liability arising out of the ownership, maintenance, or use of any insured automobile. The insurer agrees to pay damages for bodily injury or property damage for which the insured is legally responsible because of an automobile accident with a covered auto of the insured. The insuring agreement also states that in addition to the payment of damages for which the insured is legally liable, the insurer also agrees to defend the insured for all legal defense costs. The defense costs are in addition to the policy limits.

MEDICAL PAYMENTS COVERAGE: the insuring agreement states that the insurer will pay all reasonable and necessary medical and funeral expenses incurred by the insured because of bodily injury caused by an accident. The insured is the named insured or the named insured's employees or guests or any other person occupying a covered auto. These payments are made without regard to fault.

RENTAL REIMBURSEMENT: the business auto policy provides a coverage extension if an auto is insured for comprehensive or specified cause of loss coverage which insures against loss of use of a covered auto only if the auto is a private passenger type auto and is stolen. The coverage extension pays up to a daily limit of $10 and a maximum limit of $300. Payments begin forty-eight hours after the theft and end when the insured auto is returned or when the insurer has paid the insured for the auto. However for broader coverage, the insured can pay an additional premium for rental reimbursement coverage. Rental reimbursement pays the cost of renting a substitute auto for replacement of any covered auto that has suffered a covered loss. The daily and maximum limit for this coverage varies among insurers.

SPECIFIED CAUSE OF LOSS: provides coverage against loss from fire, lightning, explosion, theft, windstorm, hail, earthquake, flood, mischief, or vandalism, and from the sinking, burning, collision or derailment of a conveyance transporting the covered auto.

TOWING AND LABOR: when this coverage is added, the insurer pays up to a stated amount for towing and labor costs each time a covered auto or non-owned auto is disabled.

UNINSURED MOTORIST: pays for bodily injury to an insured injured by an uninsured motorist, a hit-and-run driver, or a driver whose insurer becomes insolvent. These benefits are paid under the named insured's policy.

UNDERINSURED MOTORIST: this coverage is added to supplement the Uninsured Motorist Coverage. The coverage applies only when the other driver has liability limits at the time of an accident which may be insufficient to pay for damages for which that other driver is responsible. This is when the insured's underinsured motorist coverage would apply and payment for the difference could be made. The two coverages are mutually exclusive and do not overlap or duplicate each other.

PERSONAL INJURY PROTECTION (PIP): adds no-fault benefits. In applicable states, in the event of an automobile accident, each party collects from his or her own insurer regardless of fault. The PIP endorsement is only available in certain states with No-Fault Laws.

Bonds

BOND: an obligation of the insurance company to protect one against financial loss caused by acts of another. There is more than one type of bond. Insurance bonds are normally three-party contracts in which one party agrees to guarantee the act, performance, or behavior of a second party, to a third party. Some types of bonds are performance bonds, license and miscellaneous bonds, and fidelity bonds.

SURETY BOND: A surety bond is a written agreement that usually provides for monetary compensation in case the principal fails to perform the acts as promised. There are many different types of surety bonds, but the two general categories are contract and commercial surety bonds.

FIDELITY BOND: A fidelity bond is a bond which indemnifies the insured for loss caused by the dishonest and fraudulent acts of its covered employees. In addition, a fidelity bond typically covers the insured against the following:

  • Forgery or Alteration;
  • Loss inside the premises caused by theft, disappearance and destruction, and robbery and safe burglary;
  • Loss outside the premises caused by the robbery of a messenger.

These coverages sometimes are referred to as Crime Coverage.

Licensed in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and Nevada